GuruAccountancy.co.id This time we will discuss about the Tarumanegara kingdom starting from the life of the Taruma Negara kingdom to the inscription of the Taruma Negara kingdom. Here’s the explanation. . .
Have you heard of the Tarumanegara Kingdom? The Tarumanegara Kingdom or Tarum Kingdom is the second oldest Hindu kingdom after the Kutai Kingdom.
This kingdom ruled in the western region of the island of Java in the 4th century to the 7th century AD. This is evidenced by the existence of historical relics that still exist today.
Such as temples, inscriptions and so on. The name Taruma Negara comes from the words Tarum and Nagara. Tarum means the river that divides West Java, namely the Citarum river.
But there are also those who say that the word Tarum comes from the name of the color plant that is in the Citarum river. And Nagara which means state or kingdom.
The Tarumanegara Kingdom is a kingdom that adheres to the Vishnu sect. This kingdom was founded by King Jayasingawarman in 358 AD Concrete evidence of this is found in the contents of the Wangsakerta text.
The Life of the Tarumanagara Kingdom
According to Wang sakerta’s manuscript, in the 4th century AD, several areas in Indonesia were visited by refugees from India. These refugees seek refuge because of the great war there.
The refugees came from the Kingdom of Palawa and Calankayana, India. One of the groups from Calankayana was led by a Maharesi
His name is Jaya lion warman. Jaya lion warman received approval from the ruling king in western Java, namely Dewa warman VIII, king of Salaka nagara to open a new settlement.
The settlement, which is named Tarumadesya (Taruma village), is located near the Citarum river. Ten years later, the Tarumadesya settlement is often visited by residents from other villages.
What makes this village more famous and growing rapidly. And finally, Jayasingawarman formed a kingdom called Tarumanegara. Read also: History of the Srivijaya Kingdom
The genealogy of the kings who once ruled the Tarumavnegara Kingdom is as follows:
- Jayasinga Warman (358-382)
- Dharmaya warman (382-395)
- Full Warman (395-434)
- Vishnu warman (434-455)
- Indra warman (455-515)
- Candra warman (515-535)
- Surya warman (535-561)
- Kerta Waman (561-628)
- Sudha warman (628-639)
- Hariwangsa warman (639-640)
- Nagajaya warman (640-666)
- Linga warman (666-669)
Taruma Kingdom’s time in that country
Since the establishment of this kingdom, the Kingdom of Taruma, the state experienced a heyday of only 3 generations. The golden age of Taruma Negara was when it was led by the 3rd king named Purnawarman.
Purnawarman himself is the grandson of Rajadirajagu Jaya lion warman. During the leadership of Purnawarman, the country’s Taruma experienced very rapid development
King Purna warman expanded his territory by subjugating the kingdoms around him. Not only expanding the kingdom’s territory through expansion into the kingdoms around his power. Read also: Office Administration Elements
Purna warman also built various infrastructures that could support the kingdom’s economy. One of them is the Gomati and Candrabaga rivers.
During the construction of the two rivers, King Purnawarman as the leader of the state Taruma Kingdom donated or sacrificed 1000 cows.
With the expansion of territory, this Kingdom has an area comparable to the area of West Java. So that King Purna Warman was known as a strong and wise king to his people.
In addition he also compiled literature such as the rules of war, war investigations and the genealogy of the Warman dynasty. He also drafts government laws that advance the government and its people.
The life of the Kingdom of Taruma country
Like other kingdoms, the Taruma Kingdom also has a political life, social life, economic life and cultural life.
1. Political Life of the Tarumanegara Kingdom
In the political life of the Tarumanegara Kingdom, only King Purnawarman can provide welfare to his people.
This can be seen from the inscription which states that at that time the Tarumanegara people dug a river. Where this time it is used for irrigation channels to facilitate irrigation in the fields.
2. Social Life of the Tarumanegara Kingdom
King Purnawarman is a king who cares for his people. Not only that, even the social life of the Tarumanegara kingdom has also been neatly arranged.
Not only improving the welfare of his people, Purnawarman also paid attention to the position of the Brahmins who were considered important in carrying out sacrifice ceremonies. This ceremony is intended as a sign of respect to the gods.
3.Economic Life of the Tarumanegara Kingdom
From an economic perspective, the majority of Tarumanegara people are agriculture and animal husbandry. In addition, people also work as traders.
If examined more deeply, the construction of the canal along 6,112 spears means that the people live in prosperity and prosperity.
4. Cultural Life of the Tarumanegara Kingdom
When viewed from the technique and way of writing the letters found in the Tarumanegara inscription, it shows that the level of culture at that time was already great.
Because with the inscription, it shows that at that time there were already writing instruments in the Tarumanegara Kingdom,
The collapse of the country’s Taruma Kingdom
The collapse of the Taruma Kingdom, when the kingdom was led by the 13th king, King Tarus brought. The cause of the collapse of this kingdom was due to the absence of leadership in the kingdom.
Because King Tarusbawa prefers to lead his small kingdom which is located downstream of the Gomati river. Not only that, another reason for the collapse of the country’s taruma empire was because,
There was an onslaught from the kingdom that existed at that time. Moreover, the Majapahit kingdom was a kingdom that had an important role in the collapse of the Tarumanegara Kingdom.
The leadership was continued by Suda Warman. When led by Sudawarman, Taruma state had experienced a drastic setback. The decline was caused by several things, including:
- Suda warman doesn’t care about the problems that occur in the kingdom, because since childhood he has lived in the kanci
- Already warman can’t control the country’s Taruma
- Give the economy to the kings under him
Country Taruma Kingdom Inscription
The Tarumanegara Kingdom left a historic object, namely an inscription. Here are 7 inscriptions left by this Hindu kingdom, including:
1. Ciaruteeun Inscription
This inscription was found on the banks of the Ciarunteun river, which is close to the Cisadane river, Bogor. At that time, King Purna warman found a pair of paintings depicting the soles of the feet.
The Ciarunteun inscription is also known as the Ciampea inscription. This inscription is written using Pallawa script and 4 line Sanskrit. The meaning of the image of a pair of legs is the king’s power over the area and the position of Purnawarman.
2. The Coffee Plantation Inscription
This inscription is in the form of the former two elephant legs identified by the name. Airawata elephant is the elephant ride of Lord Vishnu. The inscription found in Muara Hilir Village, Cibungbuang District, was written in Pallawa and Sanskrit.
3. Monument inscription
The Tugu inscription is an inscription that has 5 lines written using the Pallawa script and Sanskrit. This Tarumanegara Kingdom relic was found in Tugu, Cilincing District, North Jakarta.
The contents of this inscription are about the story of King Purnawarman when he ruled to dig the Gomati and Chandrabaga waterways along 6,112 spears for 21 days.
4. Guava Inscription
The guava inscription was found on the Koleangkak hill, Bogor. The contents of this inscription are about the praise of the greatness, valor and courage of King Purnawarman.
This inscription contains a description of a two-line poem using the Pallawa script and Sanskrit. On the guava inscription is also engraved a pair of feet. Read also: History of Basketball
5. Muara Cianten Inscription
The Muara Cianten inscription is an unreadable inscription. This is because the cianten estuary was found in Bogor with curly script.
6. Cidanghiyang Inscription
The remains of the Tarumanegara Kingdom in the form of an inscription were found in the village of Lebak, on the banks of the Cidanghiyang river, Pandeglang, Banten in 1947. The inscription, which was written in Pallawa script and in Sanskrit, is also called the Lebak inscription.
The contents of this Cidanghiyang inscription are “This is the land of true heroism, majesty and courage of the King of the World, the noble Purnawarman, who became all kings”.
7. Bamboo Sand Inscription
The Pasir Awi inscription was found in Leuwiliang in curly script, so it cannot be read. On the Pasir Awi inscription there are carved images of branches with twigs, leaves, fruits and images of the soles of the feet.
In addition to this, the history of the Tarumanegara Kingdom is also recorded in several sources from China, China. One of the most popular is the news from Fa-Hien who is a Chinese traveling Buddhist priest.
Thus the discussion about the Tarumanegara kingdom along with the life of the Taruma Negara kingdom to the inscription of the Taruma Negara kingdom. Hopefully helpful, and thank you.